NPA maintains a bibliography of research articles and studies involving PACE. If you are aware of a study not listed here, please contact Robert Greenwood.

2016

2015

2014

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

  • Mukamel, DB, et al. Program characteristics and enrollees’ outcomes in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) The Milbank Quarterly 85(3), 2007.

2006

2005

2004

  • Ryan, S., Tuuk, M., Lee, M. (2004). PACE and hospice: Two models of palliative care on the verge of collaboration. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 783-94.
  • Temkin-Greener, H., Mukamel, D.B., Gross, D., Kunitz, S. Measuring interdisciplinary team performance in a long-term care setting. Medical Care, May, 42 (5): 472-81.
  • Temkin-Greener, H., Bajorska, A., Peterson, D., Kunitz, S., Gross, D., Williams, T.F., Mukamel, D. (2004). Social support and risk-adjusted mortality in a frail older population. Medical Care, August, 42 (8): 779-88.
  • McNickle, L. (2004). Health care meets housing in symbiotic partnerships. Journal of Housing & Community Development, September/October, 24-29.
  • Mukamel, D., Peterson, D., Bajorska, A., Temkin-Greener, H., Kunitz, S., Gross, D., Williams, T.F. (2004). Variations in risk-adjusted outcomes in a managed acute/long-term care program for frail elderly individuals. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 16 (4): 293-301. 
  • Burrows, A. (2004). Back to the future. Commonwealth Health Care Extra.
  • Nadash, P. (2004). Two models of managed long-term care: comparing PACE with a Medicaid-only plan. Gerontologist, 44(5), 644-654.

2003

  • Gong, J., Greenwood, R. (2003). PACE Makers. ADVANCE for Providers of Post-Acute Care. March/April, 14-17.
  • Gong, J., Greenwood, R. (2003). Understanding the Business Side of PACE. Nursing Home Long-Term Care Management, 52 (4): 36-39 and 52 (5): 60-65.
  • Tan, E.J., Lui, L., Eng, C., Kja, A., Covinsky, K.E. (2003). Differences in mortality of black and white patients enrolled in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51 (2): 246-51.
  • Walter, L.C., Lui, L., Eng, C., Covinsky, K.E. (2003). Risk of hip fracture in disabled community-living older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51 (1): 50-55.
  • Tan, E.J., Lui, L.Y., Eng, C., Jha, A.K., Covinsky, K.E. (2003). Racial differences in mortality among patients enrolled in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51 (2): 246-51.

2002

  • Eng, C. (2002). Future considerations for improving end-of-life care for older persons: Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). Journal of Palliative Medicine, 5 (2): 305-09.
  • Tempkin-Greener, H., Bajorska, A., & Mukamel, D.B. (2008).“Variations in service use in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) Is more better? “Journals of Gerontology Series A, 63(7), 731-738.
  • Burton, L.C., Weiner, J.P., Stevens, G.D., & Kasper, J. (2002) Health outcomes and Medicaid costs for frail older individuals: a case study of a MCO versus fee-for-service care. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50(2), 382-388.
  • Greenwood, R. (2002). Aging in Place: What Do People Want? Nursing Homes Long-Term Care Management, February, 51 (2): 26-29.
  • Kane, R.L., Homyak, P., Bershadsky, B. (2002). Consumer reactions to the Wisconsin Partnership Program and its parent, the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly. Gerontologist, 42 (3): 314-20.
  • McGuire, K.A. (2002). Independent Living for Seniors: Allowing Nursing Home-Eligible Patients to Stay at Home. Home Health Care Consultant, July, 7 (1): 32-35.
  • Mukamel, D.B., Bajorska, A., Temkin-Greener, H. (2002). Health care services at the end of life in PACE: A managed care program integrating acute and long-term care. Medical Care, December, 40 (12): 1136-1248.
  • Sands, L.P., Yaffe, K., Lui, L.Y., Stewart, A., Eng, C., Covinsky, K. (2002). The effects of acute illness on ADL decline over one year in frail older adults with and without cognitive impairment. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 57 (7): M449-54.
  • Temkin-Greener, H., Mukamel, D. (2002). Predicting place of death in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE): Participant versus program characteristics. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, January, 50: 125-35.

2001

  • Covinsky, K.E., Eng, C., Liu, L., et al. (2001). Reduced employment in caregivers of frail elders: Impact of ethnicity, patient clinical characteristics, and caregiver characteristics. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 56A (8): M707-13.
  • Greenwood, R. (2001). PACE: Is This the Future of Long-Term Care? Nursing Homes Long-Term Care Management, October, 50 (10): 33-37.
  • Master, R.J., Eng, C. (2001). Integrating acute and long-term care for high-cost populations: An in-depth look at two successful models, and the impediments to their expansion. Health Affairs, 6 (20): 161-72.
  • Temkin-Greener, H., Meiners, M., Gruenberg, L. (2001). PACE and the Medicare+Choice Risk-Adjusted Model. Inquiry, Spring, 38: 60-72. 
  • Mui, A.C. (2001) The Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE): An innovative long-term model in the United States. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 13(2-3), 53-67

2000

  • Daub, C., Cresci, K., Keyser, R., Friedman, S. (2000). Frequency of the Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator among nursing assistants. Journal of Psychology Type, 54: 12-16.
  • Defino, T. (2000). Setting the PACE. Contemporary Long-Term Care, February, 23 (2): 38-40.
  • Gong, J., McCarthy, S. (2000). Why Should Nursing Homes Become PACE Providers? Part One. Nursing Homes Long-Term Care Management, May, 49 (5): 48-51.
  • Gong, J., McCarthy, S. (2000). The Five Steps to PACE Operation. Nursing Homes Long-Term Care Management, October, 49 (10): 77-79.
  • Krulewitch, H., London, M.R., Skakel, V.J., Lundstedt, G.J., Thomason, H., Brummel-Smith, K. (2000). Assessment of pain in cognitively impaired older adults: A comparison of pain assessment tools and their use by nonprofessional caregivers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48: 607-1611.
  • Lee, M.A., Brummel-Smith, K., Meyer, J., Drew, N., London, M. (2000). Physician orders for life-sustaining treatment (POLST): Outcomes in a PACE program. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48: 1219-25.
  • Weiland, D., Lamb, V.L., Sutton, S.R., Boland, R., Clark., Friedman, S., Brummel-Smith, K., Eleazer, G.P. (2000). Hospitalization in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE): Rates, concomitants, and predictors. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48: 1373-80.
  • Robinson, J., Koron, S. (2000). Modeling Medicare Costs of PACE Populations. Health Care Financing Review, Spring, 21 (3): 149-70. 

1999

  • Bodenheimer, T. (1999). Long-term care for frail elderly people: The On Lok Model. The New England Journal of Medicine, Oct. 21, pp. 1324-28
  • Rich, M.D., Leonard, M. (1999). The PACE Model: Description and impressions of a capitated model of long-term care for the elderly. The Care Management Journals, Winter, 1 (1): 62-70.
  • Rollins, G. (1999). Newly Recognized PACE Programs Benefit Patients, Providers, Payers. Executive Solutions for HealthCare Management, June, pp. 13-16.
  • Slattery, M. (1999). The LIFE Program: Nursing at its best. The American Nurse, February, pp. 12-13.

1998

  • Blustein, J.K., Hanson, and Shea, S. (1998). Preventable hospitalizations and socioeconomic status. Health Affairs, 17(2), 12.
  • Medline. (1998). National program aims to set standards for managed senior care. Medical Management Network, November, 6 (11): 8-9.
  • Lee, W., Eng, C., Fox, N., Etienne, M.. (1998). PACE: A model for integrated care of frail older patients'. Geriatrics, June, 53 (6): 62-74.
  • Mukamel, D.B., Temkin-Greener, H., Clark, M.L. (1998). Stability of disability among PACE enrollees: Financial and programmatic implications. Health Care Financing Review, Spring, 19 (3): 83-100.

1997

  • Eng, C. (1997). Multidisciplinary approach to medical care: The On Lok Model. Clinical Report on Aging, 1 (6): 5, 10-11.
  • Eng, C., Pedulla, J., Eleazer, P.G., McCann, R., Fox, N. (1997). Program of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE): An innovative model of integrated geriatric care and financing. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, February, 45 (2): 223-32, 244.
  • Eng, C., Pedulla, J., Eleazer, G.P., McCann, R., Fox, N. (1997). Letter to the editor. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 45: 1280-81.

1996

  • Case, C.K., Savage Seigal, N. (1996). A community-based long-term care alternative: A case study. Home Health Care Management and Practice, February, 8 (2): 59-64.
  • Eleazer, G.P., Hornung, C., et al. (1996). The relationship between ethnicity and advance directives in a frail older population. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, August, 44: 938-43.
  • Eng, C. (1996). The On Lok/PACE model of geriatric managed care: Interdisciplinary approach to care of frail elderly. Current Concepts in Geriatric Managed Care, September, 2 (9): 3-24.
  • Gorshe, N. (1996). The Crisis in Chronic Care. Current Concepts in Geriatric Managed Care, September, 2 (9): 25-34.
  • Kunz, E., Shannon, K. (1996). PACE: Managed care for the frail ederly. The American Journal of Managed Care, March, 2 (3): 301-04.
  • Leutz, W. (1996). Long-Term Care Lessons from the Social HMOs and PACE Models. Diversity and Long-Term Care News, Brandeis University, Institute for Health Policy, and San Diego State University, Center on Aging, Winter/Spring, 3 (1).
  • Williams, F.T., Temkin-Greener, H. (1996). Older People, Dependency and Trends in Supportive Care. The Future of Long-Term Care: Social and Policy Issues. Johns Hopkins University Press.

1995

  • Branch, L., Coulam, R., Zimmerman, Y. (1995). The PACE Evaluation: Initial Findings. The Gerontologist, 35 (3): 349-59.
  • Brown, T.E., Byrd, M.D., Baskins, J.P. (1995). Managed care for persons needing long-term care: Implications for home health care. Journal of Home Health Care Practice, August: 45-52.

1994

  • Eleazer, G.P., Baskins, J.P., Egbert, J., et al. (1994). Managed care for the frail elderly: The PACE Project. The Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association, December: 586-91.

1992

  • Der-McLeod, D., Chin Hansen, J. (1992). On Lok: The Family Continuum. Generations, Summer, pp. 71-72.
  • Kane, R.L., Illston, L., Miller, N.A. (1992). Qualitative analysis of the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). The Gerontologist, 32 (6): 771-80.
  • Shen, J., Iversen, A. (1992). PACE: A capitated model towards long-term care. Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal, 40 (1/2): 41-44.

1990

  • Ansak, M. (1990). The On Lok Model: Consolidating Care and Financing. Generations, Spring: 73-74.
  • O'Malley, K., Brooks, S. (1990). Caring the On Lok Way. Geriatric Nursing, March/April: 64-66.

1989

  • Hennessy, C.H. (1989). Autonomy and risk: The role of client wishes in community-based long-term care. The Gerontologist, 29 (5): 633-39.

1988

  • Zawadski, R., Eng, C. (1988). Case management in capitated long-term care. Health Care Financing Review, Annual Supplement, pp. 75-81

1987

  • Hennessy, C.H. (1987). Risks and resources: Service allocation decisions in a consolidated model of long-term care. The Journal of Applied Gerontology, June, 6: 139-55.

1986

  • Hennessy, C.H., Shen, J. (1986). Sources of 'unreliability' in multidisciplinary team assessment of the elderly. Evaluation Review, April, 10 (2): 178-92.
  • Morishita, L.,  Hansen, J.C. (1986). GNP and LTC Team. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 12 (6): 15-20.

1985

  • Yan, A. (1985). Dietary factors of frail elderly Chinese in community based long-term care. Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, Fall, 5 (1): 37-47.
  • Yordi, C.,  Waldman, J. (1985). A consolidated model of long-term care: Service utilization and cost impacts. The Gerontologist, 25 (4): 389-97.

1984

  • Chee, N., Zawadski, R.T. (1984-85). On Lok: Rehabilitation therapy in a consolidated model of community-based long-term care. Rehabilitation World, Winter, pp. 26-29, 46-48.

1983

  • Ansak, M. (1983). On Lok Senior Health Services. Pride Institute Journal of Long-Term Home Health Care, Winter, 2 (1): 7-12.

There are more than 240 PACE centers in 31 states. Find your local PACE program.

Lean more about PACE performance and benchmarking data.

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