NPA maintains a bibliography of research articles and studies involving PACE. If you are aware of a study not listed here, please contact Robert Greenwood.

2016

2015

2014

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

  • Mukamel, DB, et al. Program characteristics and enrollees’ outcomes in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) The Milbank Quarterly 85(3), 2007.

2006

2005

2004

  • Ryan, S., Tuuk, M., Lee, M. (2004). PACE and hospice: Two models of palliative care on the verge of collaboration. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 783-94.
  • Temkin-Greener, H., Mukamel, D.B., Gross, D., Kunitz, S. Measuring interdisciplinary team performance in a long-term care setting. Medical Care, May, 42 (5): 472-81.
  • Temkin-Greener, H., Bajorska, A., Peterson, D., Kunitz, S., Gross, D., Williams, T.F., Mukamel, D. (2004). Social support and risk-adjusted mortality in a frail older population. Medical Care, August, 42 (8): 779-88.
  • McNickle, L. (2004). Health care meets housing in symbiotic partnerships. Journal of Housing & Community Development, September/October, 24-29.
  • Mukamel, D., Peterson, D., Bajorska, A., Temkin-Greener, H., Kunitz, S., Gross, D., Williams, T.F. (2004). Variations in risk-adjusted outcomes in a managed acute/long-term care program for frail elderly individuals. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 16 (4): 293-301. 
  • Burrows, A. (2004). Back to the future. Commonwealth Health Care Extra.
  • Nadash, P. (2004). Two models of managed long-term care: comparing PACE with a Medicaid-only plan. Gerontologist, 44(5), 644-654.

2003

  • Gong, J., Greenwood, R. (2003). PACE Makers. ADVANCE for Providers of Post-Acute Care. March/April, 14-17.
  • Gong, J., Greenwood, R. (2003). Understanding the Business Side of PACE. Nursing Home Long-Term Care Management, 52 (4): 36-39 and 52 (5): 60-65.
  • Tan, E.J., Lui, L., Eng, C., Kja, A., Covinsky, K.E. (2003). Differences in mortality of black and white patients enrolled in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51 (2): 246-51.
  • Walter, L.C., Lui, L., Eng, C., Covinsky, K.E. (2003). Risk of hip fracture in disabled community-living older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51 (1): 50-55.
  • Tan, E.J., Lui, L.Y., Eng, C., Jha, A.K., Covinsky, K.E. (2003). Racial differences in mortality among patients enrolled in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51 (2): 246-51.

2002

  • Eng, C. (2002). Future considerations for improving end-of-life care for older persons: Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). Journal of Palliative Medicine, 5 (2): 305-09.
  • Tempkin-Greener, H., Bajorska, A., & Mukamel, D.B. (2008).“Variations in service use in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) Is more better? “Journals of Gerontology Series A, 63(7), 731-738.
  • Burton, L.C., Weiner, J.P., Stevens, G.D., & Kasper, J. (2002) Health outcomes and Medicaid costs for frail older individuals: a case study of a MCO versus fee-for-service care. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50(2), 382-388.
  • Greenwood, R. (2002). Aging in Place: What Do People Want? Nursing Homes Long-Term Care Management, February, 51 (2): 26-29.
  • Kane, R.L., Homyak, P., Bershadsky, B. (2002). Consumer reactions to the Wisconsin Partnership Program and its parent, the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly. Gerontologist, 42 (3): 314-20.
  • McGuire, K.A. (2002). Independent Living for Seniors: Allowing Nursing Home-Eligible Patients to Stay at Home. Home Health Care Consultant, July, 7 (1): 32-35.
  • Mukamel, D.B., Bajorska, A., Temkin-Greener, H. (2002). Health care services at the end of life in PACE: A managed care program integrating acute and long-term care. Medical Care, December, 40 (12): 1136-1248.
  • Sands, L.P., Yaffe, K., Lui, L.Y., Stewart, A., Eng, C., Covinsky, K. (2002). The effects of acute illness on ADL decline over one year in frail older adults with and without cognitive impairment. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 57 (7): M449-54.
  • Temkin-Greener, H., Mukamel, D. (2002). Predicting place of death in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE): Participant versus program characteristics. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, January, 50: 125-35.

2001

  • Covinsky, K.E., Eng, C., Liu, L., et al. (2001). Reduced employment in caregivers of frail elders: Impact of ethnicity, patient clinical characteristics, and caregiver characteristics. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 56A (8): M707-13.
  • Greenwood, R. (2001). PACE: Is This the Future of Long-Term Care? Nursing Homes Long-Term Care Management, October, 50 (10): 33-37.
  • Master, R.J., Eng, C. (2001). Integrating acute and long-term care for high-cost populations: An in-depth look at two successful models, and the impediments to their expansion. Health Affairs, 6 (20): 161-72.
  • Temkin-Greener, H., Meiners, M., Gruenberg, L. (2001). PACE and the Medicare+Choice Risk-Adjusted Model. Inquiry, Spring, 38: 60-72. 
  • Mui, A.C. (2001) The Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE): An innovative long-term model in the United States. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 13(2-3), 53-67

2000

  • Daub, C., Cresci, K., Keyser, R., Friedman, S. (2000). Frequency of the Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator among nursing assistants. Journal of Psychology Type, 54: 12-16.
  • Defino, T. (2000). Setting the PACE. Contemporary Long-Term Care, February, 23 (2): 38-40.
  • Gong, J., McCarthy, S. (2000). Why Should Nursing Homes Become PACE Providers? Part One. Nursing Homes Long-Term Care Management, May, 49 (5): 48-51.
  • Gong, J., McCarthy, S. (2000). The Five Steps to PACE Operation. Nursing Homes Long-Term Care Management, October, 49 (10): 77-79.
  • Krulewitch, H., London, M.R., Skakel, V.J., Lundstedt, G.J., Thomason, H., Brummel-Smith, K. (2000). Assessment of pain in cognitively impaired older adults: A comparison of pain assessment tools and their use by nonprofessional caregivers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48: 607-1611.
  • Lee, M.A., Brummel-Smith, K., Meyer, J., Drew, N., London, M. (2000). Physician orders for life-sustaining treatment (POLST): Outcomes in a PACE program. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48: 1219-25.
  • Weiland, D., Lamb, V.L., Sutton, S.R., Boland, R., Clark., Friedman, S., Brummel-Smith, K., Eleazer, G.P. (2000). Hospitalization in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE): Rates, concomitants, and predictors. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48: 1373-80.
  • Robinson, J., Koron, S. (2000). Modeling Medicare Costs of PACE Populations. Health Care Financing Review, Spring, 21 (3): 149-70. 

1999

  • Bodenheimer, T. (1999). Long-term care for frail elderly people: The On Lok Model. The New England Journal of Medicine, Oct. 21, pp. 1324-28
  • Rich, M.D., Leonard, M. (1999). The PACE Model: Description and impressions of a capitated model of long-term care for the elderly. The Care Management Journals, Winter, 1 (1): 62-70.
  • Rollins, G. (1999). Newly Recognized PACE Programs Benefit Patients, Providers, Payers. Executive Solutions for HealthCare Management, June, pp. 13-16.
  • Slattery, M. (1999). The LIFE Program: Nursing at its best. The American Nurse, February, pp. 12-13.

1998

  • Blustein, J.K., Hanson, and Shea, S. (1998). Preventable hospitalizations and socioeconomic status. Health Affairs, 17(2), 12.
  • Medline. (1998). National program aims to set standards for managed senior care. Medical Management Network, November, 6 (11): 8-9.
  • Lee, W., Eng, C., Fox, N., Etienne, M.. (1998). PACE: A model for integrated care of frail older patients'. Geriatrics, June, 53 (6): 62-74.
  • Mukamel, D.B., Temkin-Greener, H., Clark, M.L. (1998). Stability of disability among PACE enrollees: Financial and programmatic implications. Health Care Financing Review, Spring, 19 (3): 83-100.

1997

  • Eng, C. (1997). Multidisciplinary approach to medical care: The On Lok Model. Clinical Report on Aging, 1 (6): 5, 10-11.
  • Eng, C., Pedulla, J., Eleazer, P.G., McCann, R., Fox, N. (1997). Program of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE): An innovative model of integrated geriatric care and financing. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, February, 45 (2): 223-32, 244.
  • Eng, C., Pedulla, J., Eleazer, G.P., McCann, R., Fox, N. (1997). Letter to the editor. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 45: 1280-81.

1996

  • Case, C.K., Savage Seigal, N. (1996). A community-based long-term care alternative: A case study. Home Health Care Management and Practice, February, 8 (2): 59-64.
  • Eleazer, G.P., Hornung, C., et al. (1996). The relationship between ethnicity and advance directives in a frail older population. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, August, 44: 938-43.
  • Eng, C. (1996). The On Lok/PACE model of geriatric managed care: Interdisciplinary approach to care of frail elderly. Current Concepts in Geriatric Managed Care, September, 2 (9): 3-24.
  • Gorshe, N. (1996). The Crisis in Chronic Care. Current Concepts in Geriatric Managed Care, September, 2 (9): 25-34.
  • Kunz, E., Shannon, K. (1996). PACE: Managed care for the frail ederly. The American Journal of Managed Care, March, 2 (3): 301-04.
  • Leutz, W. (1996). Long-Term Care Lessons from the Social HMOs and PACE Models. Diversity and Long-Term Care News, Brandeis University, Institute for Health Policy, and San Diego State University, Center on Aging, Winter/Spring, 3 (1).
  • Williams, F.T., Temkin-Greener, H. (1996). Older People, Dependency and Trends in Supportive Care. The Future of Long-Term Care: Social and Policy Issues. Johns Hopkins University Press.

1995

  • Branch, L., Coulam, R., Zimmerman, Y. (1995). The PACE Evaluation: Initial Findings. The Gerontologist, 35 (3): 349-59.
  • Brown, T.E., Byrd, M.D., Baskins, J.P. (1995). Managed care for persons needing long-term care: Implications for home health care. Journal of Home Health Care Practice, August: 45-52.

1994

  • Eleazer, G.P., Baskins, J.P., Egbert, J., et al. (1994). Managed care for the frail elderly: The PACE Project. The Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association, December: 586-91.

1992

  • Der-McLeod, D., Chin Hansen, J. (1992). On Lok: The Family Continuum. Generations, Summer, pp. 71-72.
  • Kane, R.L., Illston, L., Miller, N.A. (1992). Qualitative analysis of the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). The Gerontologist, 32 (6): 771-80.
  • Shen, J., Iversen, A. (1992). PACE: A capitated model towards long-term care. Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal, 40 (1/2): 41-44.

1990

  • Ansak, M. (1990). The On Lok Model: Consolidating Care and Financing. Generations, Spring: 73-74.
  • O'Malley, K., Brooks, S. (1990). Caring the On Lok Way. Geriatric Nursing, March/April: 64-66.

1989

  • Hennessy, C.H. (1989). Autonomy and risk: The role of client wishes in community-based long-term care. The Gerontologist, 29 (5): 633-39.

1988

  • Zawadski, R., Eng, C. (1988). Case management in capitated long-term care. Health Care Financing Review, Annual Supplement, pp. 75-81

1987

  • Hennessy, C.H. (1987). Risks and resources: Service allocation decisions in a consolidated model of long-term care. The Journal of Applied Gerontology, June, 6: 139-55.

1986

  • Hennessy, C.H., Shen, J. (1986). Sources of 'unreliability' in multidisciplinary team assessment of the elderly. Evaluation Review, April, 10 (2): 178-92.
  • Morishita, L.,  Hansen, J.C. (1986). GNP and LTC Team. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 12 (6): 15-20.

1985

  • Yan, A. (1985). Dietary factors of frail elderly Chinese in community based long-term care. Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, Fall, 5 (1): 37-47.
  • Yordi, C.,  Waldman, J. (1985). A consolidated model of long-term care: Service utilization and cost impacts. The Gerontologist, 25 (4): 389-97.

1984

  • Chee, N., Zawadski, R.T. (1984-85). On Lok: Rehabilitation therapy in a consolidated model of community-based long-term care. Rehabilitation World, Winter, pp. 26-29, 46-48.

1983

  • Ansak, M. (1983). On Lok Senior Health Services. Pride Institute Journal of Long-Term Home Health Care, Winter, 2 (1): 7-12.

There are more than 240 PACE centers in 31 states. Find your local PACE program.

There are more than 120 PACE programs in 31 states. See how your demographics and service utilization compare with those of your peers.

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